TYPES OF RESIDENTIAL CARE FOR SENIORS

RESIDENCE TYPE:

     Personal Care Homes (PCHs) are residences that provide shelter, meals, supervision and assistance with personal care tasks, typically for older people, or people with physical, behavioral health, or cognitive disabilities who are unable to care for themselves but do not need nursing home or medical care.  PCHs

vary from one home to another as to the extent of care provided.  Some provide assistance with basic needs, and some include skilled nursing staff to accommodate more complicated needs.  But generally

PCHs are known for offering a significantly high degree of one on one care in a setting that looks and feels like a home environment.

       

INDEPENDENT LIVING:     

     Single family homes or townhomes for self-sufficient  seniors that offer the security and social activities of a community living environment.  Provides laundry/linen service, meals, transportation, social activities.  These are more expensive communities and have all the luxuries of country clubs.  They are not regulated.  Also known as Retirement Communities, Retirement Homes, Senior Apartments, or Senior Housing.  The approximate costs include the market rate to rent or buy a home plus community fees from $400 to $2,000 a month.

ASSISTED LIVING COMMUNITIES:       

     Communities, typically of 2-3 story apartments that provide 24 hour assistance with activities of daily living such as eating, bathing and using the restroom, but not 24 hour medical services.  Services include laundry/linen service, meals, transportation, social activities, bathing/dressing, toileting, housekeeping, medication assistance, security and emergency calls.  These are regulated by the State.  Also known as Assisted Living Facilities, Personal Care Homes, Eldercare Facilities, Domiciliary Care, Board and Care, Residential Care Facilities, Adult Living Facilities, Adult Foster Care, Sheltered Housing, Community Residences, Group Homes, Adult Family Homes.  The approximate costs are from $2,500 to $7,000/mo.

SKILLED NURSING (NURSING HOMES):

     Communities, typically apartments, which provide 24 hour assistance with activities of daily living and medical care by nurses and therapists.  Services include laundry/linen, meals, transportation, social activities, bathing/dressing, toileting, housekeeping, medication assistance, security and emergency calls, 24 hour nursing care, condition specific care, hospice/end of life services, doctors on call.  These fall under State and Federal regulations.  Also known as Skilled Nursing Facilities, SNF, Nursing Home Care and Rehabilitation, Convalescent Hospital, or a Rest Home.  The approximate costs are from $4,500 to $12,000/month.

CONTINUING CARE/RETIREMENT COMMUNITIES:

     Campus-like communities that provide a continuum of care, from private residences to assisted living and skilled nursing care; designed for individuals with declining conditions and those that want to remain in a single location.   Services include laundry/linen, meals, transportation, social activities, bathing/dressing, toileting, housekeeping, medication assistance, security and emergency calls, 24 hour nursing care, condition specific care, hospice/end of life services, doctors on call.  The fall under some state regulations.  Also known as CCRCS, Continuing Care, Retirement Facilities, Life Care Facilities, Life Care Communities.  The costs vary with breadth of services required.